You may have never heard of listwise deletion for missing data, but you’ve probably used it.
Listwise deletion means that any individual in a data set is deleted from an analysis if they’re missing data on any variable in the analysis.
It’s the default in most software packages.
Although the simplicity of it is a major advantage, it causes big problems in many missing data situations.
But not always. If you happen to have one of the uncommon missing data situations in which (more…)
Most of us run sample size calculations when a granting agency or committee requires it. That’s reason 1.
That is a very good reason. But there are others, and it can be helpful to keep these in mind when you’re tempted to skip this step or are grumbling through the calculations you’re required to do.
It’s easy to base your sample size on what is customary in your field (“I’ll use 20 subjects per condition”) or to just use the number of subjects in a similar study (“They used 150, so I will too”).
Sometimes you can get away with doing that.
However, there really are some good reasons beyond funding to do some sample size estimates. And since they’re not especially time-consuming, it’s worth doing them. (more…)