Statistics is, to a large extent, a science of comparison. You are trying to test whether one group is bigger, faster, or smarter than another.
You do this by setting up a null hypothesis that your two groups have equal means or proportions and an alternative hypothesis that one group is “better” than the other. The test has interesting results only when the data you collect ends up rejecting the null hypothesis.
But there are times when the interesting research question you’re asking is not about whether one group is better than the other, but whether the two groups are equivalent.