# estimate sample sizes

### The Effect Size: The Most Difficult Step in Calculating Sample Size Estimates

June 12th, 2023 by

One of the most difficult steps in calculating sample size estimates is determining the smallest scientifically meaningful effect size.

Here’s the logic:

The power of every significance test is based on four things: the alpha level, the size of the effect, the amount of variation in the data, and the sample size.

You will measure the effect size in question differently, depending on which statistical test you’re performing. It could be a mean difference, a difference in proportions, a correlation, regression slope, odds ratio, etc.

When you’re planning a study and estimating the sample size needed for (more…)

### How Confident Are You About Confidence Intervals?

August 12th, 2019 by

Any time you report estimates of parameters in a statistical analysis, it’s important to include their confidence intervals.

How confident are you that you can explain what they mean? Even those of us who have a solid understand of confidence intervals get tripped up by the wording.

### The Wording for Describing Confidence Intervals

Letâ€™s look at an example. (more…)