But in all but the simplest designs, it’s not that straightforward. [Read more…] about Member Training: Crossed and Nested Factors
One of those tricky, but necessary, concepts in statistics is the difference between crossed and nested factors.
As a reminder, a factor is just any categorical independent variable. In experiments, or any randomized designs, these factors are often manipulated. Experimental manipulations (like Treatment vs. Control) are factors.
Observational categorical predictors, such as gender, time point, poverty status, etc., are also factors. Whether the factor is observational or manipulated won’t affect the analysis, but it will affect the conclusions you draw from the results.
When there is only one factor in a design, you don’t have to worry about crossing and nesting. But when there are at least two factors, you need to understand whether they are fixed or crossed, because it will affect the analyses you can and should conduct. [Read more…] about The Difference Between Crossed and Nested Factors