# sample size estimates

### Two Types of Effect Size Statistic: Standardized and Unstandardized

June 26th, 2023 by

Effect size statistics are all the rage these days.

Journal editors are demanding them. Committees won’t pass dissertations without them.

But the reason to compute them is not just that someone wants them — they can truly help you understand your data analysis.

### What Is an Effect Size Statistic?

When many of us hear “Effect Size Statistic,” we immediately think we need one of a few statistics: Eta-squared, Cohen’s d, R-squared.
And yes, these definitely qualify. But the concept of an effect size statistic is actually much broader. Here’s a description from a nice article on effect size statistics:

“… information about the magnitude and direction of the difference between two groups or the relationship between two variables.

– Joseph A. Durlak, “How to Select, Calculate, and Interpret Effect Sizes”

If you think about it, many familiar statistics fit this description. Regression coefficients give information about the magnitude and direction of the relationship between two variables. So do correlation coefficients. (more…)

### Member Training: The Fundamentals of Sample Size Calculations

May 28th, 2018 by

Sample size estimates are one of those data analysis tasks that look straightforward, but once you try to do one, make you want to bang your head against the computer in frustration. Or, maybe that’s just me.

Regardless of how they make you feel, they are super important to do for your study before you collect the data.

### Sample Size Estimation Without Past Reliable Pilot Data or Evidence

March 20th, 2017 by

Here’s a common situation.

Your grant application or committee requires sample size estimates.  It’s not the calculations that are hard (though they can be), it’s getting the information to fill into the calculations.

Every article you read on it says you need to either use pilot data or another similar study as a basis for the values to enter into the software.

You have neither.

No similar studies have ever used the scale you’re using for the dependent variable.

And while you’d love to run a pilot study, it’s just not possible.  There are too many practical constraints — time, money, distance, ethics.

What do you do?