A Post-hoc Test for Kruskal-Wallis

May 8th, 2023 by

If you’ve ever run a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), you’re familiar with post-hoc tests. The ANOVA omnibus test only tells you whether any groups differ in their means. But if you want to explore which specific group mean is different from which, you need to follow up with a post-hoc test. (more…)

Member Training: Analyzing Likert Scale Data

August 31st, 2022 by

Is it really ok to treat Likert items as continuous? And can you just decide to combine Likert items to make a scale? Likert-type data is extremely common—and so are questions like these about how to analyze it appropriately. (more…)

Non-parametric ANOVA in SPSS

November 1st, 2013 by

I sometimes get asked questions that many people need the answer to.  Here’s one about non-parametric ANOVA in SPSS.


Is there a non-parametric 3 way ANOVA out there and does SPSS have a way of doing a non-parametric anova sort of thing with one main independent variable and 2 highly influential cofactors?

Quick Answer:


Detailed Answer:

There is a non-parametric one-way ANOVA: Kruskal-Wallis, and it’s available in SPSS under non-parametric tests.  There is even a non-paramteric two-way ANOVA, but it doesn’t include interactions (and for the life of me, I can’t remember its name, but I remember learning it in grad school).

But there is no non-parametric factorial ANOVA, and it’s because of the nature of interactions and most non-parametrics.

What it basically comes down to is that most non-parametric tests are rank-based. In other words, (more…)