Learning statistics is difficult enough; throw in some especially confusing terminology and it can feel impossible! There are many ways that statistical language can be confusing.
Some terms mean one thing in the English language, but have another (usually more specific) meaning in statistics. (more…)
by Christos Giannoulis, PhD
Many times in science we are intrigued to measure an underlying characteristic that cannot be observed or measured directly. This measure is hypothesized to exist to explain variables, such as behavior, that can be observed.
The measurable variables are called manifest variables. The unmeasurable are called latent variables.
Latent variables are often called factors, especially in the context of factor analysis.
To increase power:
- Increase alpha
- Conduct a one-tailed test
- Increase the effect size
- Decrease random error
- Increase sample size
Sound so simple, right? The reality is that although these 5 ways all work (more…)