When interpreting the results of a regression model, the first step is to look at the regression coefficients. Each term in the model has one. And each one describes the average difference in the value of Y for a one-unit difference in the value of the predictor variable, X, that makes up that term. It’s the effect size statistic for that term in the model. [Read more…] about The Difference Between an Odds Ratio and a Predicted Odds

# odds ratio

## Logistic Regression Analysis: Understanding Odds and Probability

*Updated 11/22/2021*

Probability and odds measure the same thing: the likelihood or propensity or possibility of a specific outcome.

People use the terms *odds* and *probability* interchangeably in casual usage, but that is unfortunate. It just creates confusion because they are **not equivalent**.

### How Odds and Probability Differ

They measure the same thing on different scales. Imagine how confusing it would be if people used degrees Celsius and degrees Fahrenheit interchangeably. “It’s going to be 35 degrees today” could really make you dress the wrong way.

In measuring the likelihood of any outcome, we need to know [Read more…] about Logistic Regression Analysis: Understanding Odds and Probability

## Odds Ratio: Standardized or Unstandardized Effect Size?

Effect size statistics are extremely important for interpreting statistical results. The emphasis on reporting them has been a great development over the past decade. [Read more…] about Odds Ratio: Standardized or Unstandardized Effect Size?

## Effect Size Statistics: How to Calculate the Odds Ratio from a Chi-Square Cross-tabulation Table

Lest you believe that odds ratios are merely the domain of logistic regression, I’m here to tell you it’s not true.

One of the simplest ways to calculate an odds ratio is from a cross tabulation table.

We usually analyze these tables with a categorical statistical test. There are a few options, depending on the sample size and the design, but common ones are Chi-Square test of independence or homogeneity, or a Fisher’s exact test.

## Member Training: Those Darn Ratios!

Ratios are everywhere in statistics—coefficient of variation, hazard ratio, odds ratio, the list goes on. You see them reported in the literature and in your output.

You comment on them in your reports. You even (kinda) understand them. Or, maybe, not quite?

Please join Elaine Eisenbeisz as she presents an overview of the how and why of various ratios we use often in statistical practice.

## The Difference Between Relative Risk and Odds Ratios

Relative Risk and Odds Ratios are often confused despite being unique concepts. Why?

Well, both measure association between a binary outcome variable and a continuous or binary predictor variable. [Read more…] about The Difference Between Relative Risk and Odds Ratios