## What is Survival Analysis and When Can It Be Used?

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by Steve Simon, PhD

There are two features of survival models.

First is the process of measuring the time in a sample of people, animals, or machines until a specific event occurs. In fact, many people use the term “time to event analysis” or “event history analysis” instead of “survival analysis” to emphasize the broad range of areas where you can apply these techniques.

Second is the recognition that not everyone/everything in your sample will experience the event. Those not experiencing the event, either because the study ended before they had the event or because they were lost to follow-up, are classified as censored observations.

## The Problem with Using Tests for Statistical Assumptions

Every statistical model and hypothesis test has assumptions. And yes, if you’re going to use a statistical test, you need to check whether those assumptions are reasonable to whatever extent you can. Some assumptions are easier to check than others. Some are so obviously reasonable that you don’t need to do much to check them […]

## Using Marginal Means to Explain an Interaction to a Non-Statistical Audience

You show this table in your PowerPoint presentation because you know your audience is expecting some statistics, though they don’t really understand them. You begin by explaining that the constant (_cons) represents the mean BMI of small frame women. You have now lost half of your audience because they have no idea why the constant represents small frame women.

By the time you start explaining the interaction you have lost 95% of your audience.

## July 2018 Member Webinar: Logistic Regression for Count and Proportion Data

In this webinar you will learn what these variables are, introduce the relationships between the Poisson, Bernoulli, Binomial, and Normal distributions, and see an example of how to actually set up the data and specify and interpret the logistic model for these kinds of variables.

## Life After Exploratory Factor Analysis: Estimating Internal Consistency

by Christos Giannoulis, PhD After you are done with the odyssey of exploratory factor analysis (aka a reliable and valid instrument)…you may find yourself at the beginning of a journey rather than the ending. The process of performing exploratory factor analysis usually seeks to answer whether a given set of items form a coherent factor […]

## Confirmatory Factor Analysis: How To Measure Something We Cannot Observe or Measure Directly

Anytime we want to measure something in science we have to take into account that our measurements contains various kinds of error. That error can be random and/or systematic. So what we want to do in our statistical approach to the data is to isolate the true score in a variable and remove the error. This is really what we’re trying to do using latent variables for measurement.

## Three Myths and Truths About Model Fit in Confirmatory Factor Analysis

by Christos Giannoulis, PhD We mentioned before that we use Confirmatory Factor Analysis to evaluate whether the relationships among the variables are adequately represented by the hypothesized factor structure. The factor structure (relationships between factors and variables) can be based on theoretical justification or previous findings. Once we estimate the relationship indicators of those factors, the […]

## Four Common Misconceptions in Exploratory Factor Analysis

by Christos Giannoulis, PhD Today, I would like to briefly describe four misconceptions that I feel are commonly perceived by novice researchers in Exploratory Factor Analysis: Misconception 1: The choice between component and common factor extraction procedures is not so important. In Principal Component Analysis, a set of variables is transformed into a smaller set […]