The intercept (often labeled the constant) is the expected mean value of Y when all X=0.
Start with a regression equation with one predictor, X.
If X sometimes = 0, the intercept is simply the expected mean value of Y at that value.
If X never = 0, then the intercept has no intrinsic meaning. In scientific research, the purpose of a regression model is to understand the relationship between predictors and the response. If so, and if X never = 0, there is no interest in the intercept. It doesn’t tell you anything about the relationship between X and Y.
You do need it to calculate predicted values, though. In market research, there is usually more interest in prediction, so the intercept is more important here.
When X never =0 is one reason for centering X. If you rescale X so that the mean or some other meaningful value = 0 (just subtract a constant from X), now the intercept has a meaning. It’s the mean value of Y at the chosen value of X.
If you have dummy variables in your model, though, the intercept has more meaning. Dummy coded variables have values of 0 for the reference group and 1 for the comparison group. Since the intercept is the expected mean value when X=0, it is the mean value only for the reference group (when all other X=0).
This is especially important to consider when the dummy coded predictor is included in an interaction term. Say for example that X1 is a continuous variable centered at its mean. X2 is a dummy coded predictor, and the model contains an interaction term for X1*X2.
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